Basketball FIBA Approved, What Tests Are There?

Basketball Rules

Basketball FIBA Approved but what tests are they subjected to? To introduce new balls and equipment, a basketball manufacturer will have consulted a 30 page document. Obviously only if they are seeking approval for use in level 1 or level 2 basketball. For full FIBA approval, equipment must be suitable for level 1 play.

Balls and equipment approved for level 1, generally speaking can be used in level 2 basketball. Any quipment which has been manufactured and approved for use in level 2, cannot be used in level 1.

What Does Level 1 And Level 2 In Basketball, Refer to?

Level 1 and level 2, describes the level of basketball competition governed by FIBA. Formerly known as categories 1 and 2, these were recently updated to read level 1 and 2.

  • Level 1 approved balls and equipment are suitable for use in all FIBA National Team and Club Competitions. It’s noted that level 1 balls will be used in all Elite National and International Club and National Team competitions. Obviously equipment used at level 1 must be FIBA Approved level 1.
  • Level 2 approved balls and equipment are suitable for any other competitions not covered by level 1. Because of this for consistency, it is highly recommended that only Level 2 equipment is used.
What Rules Are There For Basketballs To Be Used In FIBA Competitions?

Only 4 of the tests for level 1 approval will apply to level 2 basketballs. Balls in level 1, will have a leather outer surface. Basketball manufacturers use leather or artificial composite/synthetic leather, in most cases.. But a level 2 basketball may also include rubber in its outer surface material.

Manufacturers must comply with local and national legislations. For example, they may refer to the use of toxic materials. These materials must not cause allergic reactions. These include AZ20-dyes, soluble heavy metals, Phthalate and PAH.

The basketball must provide a proper grip over the whole of the ball. This is an obvious requirement. Basketballs must have a maximum of 12 seams. Each seam should be no greater than 6.35mm in width. However most basketballs tend to favour the 8 panel design.

The colours of a basketball must comply with FIBA rules. With this in mind, brands tend to use a single shade of orange. FIBA approve other colour combinations upon request. Basketballs must pass the psi test to ensure the bounce is consistent. With this intention the bounce must be between 960mm and 1160mm. Measure basketballs to the underside of the ball, when checking bounce rates. The pressure is clearly marked on the ball, around the mouth of the valve. Manufacturers must also clearly state the size of the ball.

What Are The 6 Tests Used To Get A Basketball Approved?

To carry the FIBA branding a basketball must consistently meet high standards. Significantly the basketball must pass all of the tests.

  • Basketball Circumference
  • Basketball Weight Tolerance
  • Durability test
  • Loss of pressure test
  • Inflation stress test (level 1 only)
  • Heat storage test (level 1 only)

Re-testing is permitted should a ball fail any part of the test. Modifications are permitted, as long as changes do not have an impact on other tests.

What Size Basketballs Are Used In Competitions?

The size 7 basketball is always used in men’s competitions. Meanwhile a size 6 basketball, will be used in all women’s competitions. For all mini’s basketball a size 5 or a lightweight ball shall be used. Additionally each ball must be within the weight and circumference tolerances outlined by FIBA. Have you have ever considered, how much it costs to get a basketball FIBA Approved? Fascinating when you find out the sums of money involved this article shows you where the money is spent.

What Are The Basketball Circumference And Weight Tolerance Permitted?
BALL SIZESize 7Size 6Size 5Lightweight 5
CIRCUMFERENCE750 - 770mm715 - 730mm685 - 700mm685 - 700mm
WEIGHT580 - 620g510 - 550g465 - 495g360 - 390g
Official FIBA Basektball circumference and weight tolerances

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